Luxury Scotland Member Properties Give Families the Royal Treatment

Scotland is blessed with natural beauty; rich cultural heritage; fascinating historic sites; and warm, welcoming people. Throw in lots of opportunity for outdoor activities, fun legends to explore and hotels that cater to the whole family and you’ve got the recipe for the ideal family vacation destination. Several of Luxury Scotland’s member properties help make traveling with the whole family easier and more enjoyable through luxury in-room amenities for baby, programs geared exclusively to kids and extensive outdoor activities best enjoyed together.

Families with an itch to get out and explore the rugged Scottish highlands will find plenty of ways to do so at the Torridon Hotel. Surrounded by stunning mountains and crystal sea lochs, the Torridon offers a wide variety of outdoor activities for families through their highly acclaimed Activity Center. Paddling trips through the stunning lochs in an open canoe or kayak are ideal for families with children age 8 and up. The coastline provides a unique and diverse environment to explore, with mountain views and clear water that is home to porpoise, dolphin and otter. Older children, ages 10 and up, will love gorge scrambling, a uniquely British pursuit that involves traveling through a steep sided gorge following the course of the river through sliding or swimming down rapids, floating down fast-flowing chutes and waves, climbing beside waterfalls, and jumping off ledges into deep pools. For those who prefer a gentler sporting experience, archery lessons are available for adults and children of all ages. This ancient sport is easy to get the hang of and fun for families to pursue together.

 The Old Course Hotel in St. Andrews is best known for its association with one of the oldest and most revered golf courses in the world. And with its unique Luxury Kids Programme, the hotel is also gaining a reputation for its keen attention to detail when it comes to the younger set. The special treatment begins with a customized check-in just for children, where they’ll receive a welcome pack complete with coloring book and pens. Once in the room, kids will love the Old Course teddy bear (theirs to take home) and toy chest full of treasures to play with, while parents with babies will appreciate luxury amenities like a massaging cot with changing sheet, baby bath set with thermometer and robe, and in-room bottle warmer. Older kids get the royal treatment at the Old Course Hotel as well, with a hotel “quiz” that allows them to explore every nook and cranny of the property looking for answers to clues, in-room PlayStation, and complimentary “mocktails” with dinner. And of course, this being St. Andrews, complimentary golf lessons at The Duke’s are available for children that meet the height requirement.

At the 5-star Rocpool Reserve Hotel in Inverness, families get the royal treatment both on and off property. While at the hotel, children are kept entertained with a host of board games, child-friendly DVDs and X-Box systems, all of which can be used in the room. Those who would like to explore the area and learn a bit of Scottish lore will want to check out the nearby Loch Ness Exhibition Center and journey out into the water with a Loch Ness boat trip in search of Nessie. The Exhibition Center takes visitors through seven themed areas that span from the dawn of time to the third millennium. Using high-tech, multimedia exhibits, guests can chart the history of the loch’s well-known monster before heading out on a boat excursion in search of a glimpse of Nessie. Arrangements for the Exhibition Center as well as the boat trip can be arranged through the hotel’s concierge desk.



Hebridean Princess returns to her home port of Oban for the first time in 2015

Hebridean Princess has returned to her home port of Oban this week for the first time in 2015.


The cruise, named  Seasons of the Inner Isles , started on Tuesday for 7 nights and headed north through Kyle Rhea before going on to the conservation village of Plockton. The itinerary also visits remote areas of the mainland and a number of Inner Hebridean Islands, including Skye, Rassay, Ulva and Mull amongst others. Next week is the start of our special Easter cruise, Easter in the Hebrides, with the highlight on Easter Sunday, where guests are to land ashore on the holy isle of Iona in time to join the Easter Sunday service at the restored abbey.


Hebridean is delighted to be supporting CLIA‘s first ever River Cruise Weekend staring on 26th March, providing us with the opportunity to showcase our fantastic river cruises experiences on board Royal Crown.


For the Agent who makes the most Hebridean River Cruises bookings between 26th March and 2nd April 2015, we will be pleased to offer lunch for 2, on board the renowned 5 Star Hebridean Princess when she is berthed in London on Tuesday 18th August 2015.


For more information on Hebridean Island Cruises please call +44(0) 1756 704704 or email

Drinks receptions on board The Royal Yacht Britannia

She’s one of the most famous vessels in the world. And one of the most beautiful. Home to Her Majesty The Queen, and roving ambassador for Great Britain for over forty years. Britannia has played host to kings and queens, prime ministers and presidents. A drinks reception aboard Britannia is truly a special occasion and will be a treasured memory for all guests.
The State Apartments, combining both the State Drawing Room and Dining Room can cater for up to 250 guests for a drinks reception. If the number of guests exceeds this, the State Apartments can be combined with the Royal Deck, perfect for larger receptions for up to 450 guests.

A Royal welcome
From the moment guests receive the crested personalised invitation, they’ll know this is an event with a difference. Arriving on the red carpet, they will be piped aboard the Royal Brow and welcomed into the State Drawing Room to the sound of Britannia’s pianist on the original grand piano.
Britannia’s butlers will serve the finest Champagne and a selection of irresistible canapés, created in the original Royal Galley by the talented team of chefs.
A captivating tour of the ship provides a fascinating insight into how the Royal Family and crew lived and worked on board.

Your event
On hand to help every step of the way, Britannia’s team of event specialists will ensure that guests enjoy a truly memorable evening, from the planning of the event to the night itself.
For further information, please contact Britannia’s Events Team on or +44 (0)131 555 8800.

Two Cycling Tours from Luxury Scotland

We are delighted to launch two special cycling tours in partnership with The Carter Company.  Both itineraries showcase some of the best bike routes in Scotland and of course, the perfect luxury hotels to stop and recharge at the end of each day.


Awesome landscapes and fascinating history make the Highlands the Scotland of your dreams. On this gentle self-guided cycling tour, discover for yourself the details that make this region so beloved by locals and visitors alike. There’s a wonderful variety of scenery to cycle through, from cultural cities to tiny fishing villages, and gorgeous stretches of countryside in between. Freewheel along the shores of Loch Ness, stopping as you please en route to catch a glimpse of the elusive Nessie and for a hearty pub lunch at local favourite, The Dores Inn. Immerse yourself in history with a visit to Culloden battlefield, the site of the last full-scale battle to take place on British soil. Learn about the local legends at the castles of Cawdor and Brodie, stuffed to the turrets with antique furniture, paintings and ceramics. Ride your bike through pine forests, past sweeping sandy beaches, under a monumental viaduct, and amidst verdant rolling hills dotted with grazing sheep. Sample local whisky at a traditional Scottish distillery en route and explore a pioneering eco-village at Findhorn. It’s all part of the magic of a Highland fling!


Gentle Cycling Tour (4 nights)

Duration: 4 nights

Start & Finish:  Starts daily and is circular from Inverness. Inverness has an airport and the station is 3.5 hours north of Edinburgh. We can also arrange private transfers to/from the airport or from Glasgow or Edinburgh.

Hotels: Scotland’s finest – Rocpool Reserve Hotel with its Chez Roux restaurant in Inverness and Boath House Hotel in Nairn, with its Michelin starred restaurant

Activity Level: Gentle cycling

Electric bikes: Available

Mileage: 3 days of cycling 16 to 27 miles (26 to 43 km) per day with optional additional cycling.

Terrain: Undulating on day 3, otherwise mostly downhill or flat

Traffic-free: 10 % with the rest on very quiet lanes

Price: £1320 per person based on 2 people sharing a room

Included: 4 nights accommodation and breakfast, hybrid bike hire, your Carter Company Adventure Handbook, route directions, OS maps, host meet and brief, luggage transfer and a return transfer from Nairn to Inverness.


1.    DAY ONE

Arrive in Inverness, capital of the Scottish Highlands and settle into your hip hotel The Rocpool Reserve in the heart of the city. You stay 2 nights here, leaving plenty of time to enjoy their wonderful Roux restaurant. Close by is Inverness castle. There are walks along the riverside, and the city itself has many restaurants and shops, where you can get kitted out in traditional Highland dress.

2.    DAY TWO

After breakfast our host will meet you with your bikes and brief you on the adventure of the next few days. We will then whisk you away to the shores of Loch Ness where your cycling begins. With most of the riding gently downhill, you have plenty of opportunity to take in the magical setting of this vast and beautiful lake. Ride along the waters edge passing one or two pretty villages and their harbours. Enjoy some forest pedalling and lunch at the delightful Dores Inn, located on a picturesque beach. You also have the option of extending your ride across the Ness islands and along the Caledonian Canal towpath and the banks of the River Ness, before heading back into Inverness.
Optional 21 or 30 miles (34 or 48 km)


Today is a completely different scene as you head east to survey the battlefield of Culloden where Bonnie Prince Charlie fought in 1746. Pedal under a breath taking viaduct and then up a few
slopes, after which you’ll be rewarded with an idyllic scene of grazing sheep and gently folded hills. Beyond lies the most romantic castle in the Highlands – Cawdor Castle & Gardens, which Shakespeare chose for the setting of Macbeth. Stop awhile here and then let quiet roads and a pretty landscape lead you to the ancient fishing port and market town of Nairn with its harbour and expansive beach. In the countryside nearby is your hotel for the next two nights, Boath House. This Georgian mansion boasts a Michelin starred restaurant, art gallery and walled garden.
27 miles (43 km)

4.    DAY FOUR

Heading to the remarkable community at Findhorn in a beautiful bay on the Moray coast, the riding is flat but always interesting. Tiny bridges lead over streams whilst 16th Century Brodie Castle is stuffed to the turrets with antique furniture. Spin past forests and stop at a distillery if you wish, before pedalling along the waters edge of the tidal bay, a haven for ornithologists. Findhorn village is cosy with a pub or two and is sandwiched between the bay and a stunning 7 mile beach. Here too is a spiritual community that is self sufficient, has its own currency and is also known for producing gigantic vegetables. Explore the village and unique marine setting before pedalling on to the town of Forres. From here you can take a short train hop back to
Nairn or ride a fresh route to return to the hotel.
Optional 16 or 32 miles (26 or 51 km)

5.    DAY FIVE

After breakfast we will transfer you back to Inverness for your onward journey.



Scotland’s Grand Cycling Tour (5 nights)


This road cycling tour is grand in every way. With 3,000 feet of climbing on each of the four days, it’s certainly a big physical challenge. The route traverses the full range of iconic Scottish landscapes, from epic mountains and lochs to forests and sweeping sand dunes. After a day on your bike the reward at the end of each day is well worth the effort, with stays in some of Scotland’s finest luxury hotels. With so much to see and do along the way, the option of staying two nights in each hotel comes highly recommended. Play on the world-famous golf courses, sample award-winning whisky at a local distillery, take a flight in a sea plane over the Trossachs’ glens, visit historic castles and unspoilt medieval villages, explore the historic and culturally vibrant city of St. Andrews, or spend the day in tranquillity with a spot of fishing on the lochs. Nothing could be grander!

Duration: 5 nights

Start & Finish: Starts daily from Gleneagles Hotel, Auchterader and finishes at Cameron House, Loch Lomond. Gleneagles station where we will meet you is 1 hour north of Glasgow and 1.5 hours from Edinburgh. Loch Lomond is 40 minutes by train to Glasgow. We can also arrange private transfers to/from the airport to the hotels or from Glasgow or Edinburgh stations


Hotels: Scotland’s finest – Gleneagles Hotel in Auchterader, The Old Course Hotel in St Andrews, Kinloch House in Blairgowrie, Cromlix in Dunblane and Cameron House by Loch Lomond

Mileage: 4 days of cycling 53 miles (85 km) per day with 3,000 – 3,500 feet of climbing per day. Additional 4 days of circular cycling routes available (2 nights stay in each hotel)

Price: £1630 per person based on 2 people sharing a room

Road Bike Hire: Carbon fibre Cervelo bikes including delivery and collection £280 per person, based on 2 people

Included: 5 nights accommodation and breakfast, one dinner, GPS unit and route directions, OS maps, your Carter Company Adventure Handbook, host meet and brief and luggage transfers

Options: Stay an additional night at each hotel, and choose to take one of our circular cycling routes, or take a break from the saddle and enjoy a round of golf, loch fishing, castle spotting and a sea plane flight over the Trossachs’ glens. Or simply take the day off and relax!

1.    DAY ONE

Arrive at Gleneagles Hotel and relax in the setting of this world famous hotel. The day is yours to enjoy in the way you choose. The hotel offers a huge range of activities but the best known is golf
– with the Ryder Cup course and two further courses to choose from. Our host will meet you to brief you on the route and run through your itinerary. If you are hiring bikes from us, we will fit these too.

2.    DAY TWO

This first day of the tour is stunning riding. With a serious climb across the Ochil Hills you are soon savouring the majestic Scottish landscape. Here are mighty views with wondrous sheep clad hills and a cosy landscape on the top.  Skirt the shores of Loch Leven and the Lomond Hills before reaching charming Falkland with its palace, favoured by Mary Queen of Scots. Country lanes lead on to St Andrews – the home of golf that also boasts beaches, an ancient university and plenty more to explore. The Old Course Hotel, overlooking the famous 17th fairway with the sea beyond and the town close by, is your luxury stay for the night.
54 miles with 3,000 ft climbing


Today is a different scene as the River Tay runs close by for much of the route which is peppered with some steep hills. Pass the Eden estuary where the vast tidal flats support a huge variety of birds before climbing up onto the hills overlooking the Tay. Ride leafy lanes and through woodland along the shores of the Firth of Tay to reach the bustling city of Perth. At Scone Palace, immerse yourself in history as you stand on the spot where many kings have been crowned. Then pedal northwards through peaceful fields of sheep, past the world’s tallest hedge, to reach the small town of Blairgowrie, gateway to the Glenshee mountains. Your country house hotel Kinloch House lies not far beyond with dinner included there tonight.
54 miles with 3,000 ft climbing

4.    DAY FOUR

Enjoy panoramic views on this soaring route with spectacular scenery with some long stretches of quiet road unfurling in front of you and hills in the backdrop. Start the day riding through the wildlife reserve of Loch Lowes where ospreys nest. Take in Dunkeld village with its white washed cottages and cathedral and head south skirting Glen Almond and through forests and a series of authentic Scottish villages. Reach the holiday town of Crieff which nestles beneath thickly  wooden hills and head on through pretty valleys and a string of climbs which make the day a special one. Cromlix, just outside Dunblane is your hotel for tonight. Recently remodelled, courtesy of Dunblane tennis star Andy Murray, this is a very special hotel.
53 miles with 3,500 ft climbing

5.    DAY FIVE

The final leg of the trip leads west through the idyllic Trossachs National Park – an area of steep glens and tranquil lochs with some big climbs. Forests are usually in view with small traditional Scottish towns along the way.  Pass the enchanting 14th Century Doune Castle and visit Deanston whisky distillery where they will show you how they hand craft their produce. Pedal beside Lochs Venachar and Achray before climbing Duke’s Pass, which affords incredible, to-die-for views. There are intimate landscapes too with cosy village pubs, stone farms and tiny valleys before you reach the tour end and Cameron House on the shores of majestic Loch Lomond.
53 miles with 3,600 ft climbing

6.    DAY SIX

Depart at your leisure and we will collect your bikes. Balloch station is on the doorstep of Loch Lomond.


To book contact The Carter Company

One Square has partnered with Pickering’s Gin to produce its own-recipe gin

One Square Bar and Restaurant on Edinburgh’s Festival Square, has launched its own brand of small batch premium gin in collaboration with Pickering’s Gin at Summerhall Distillery, Edinburgh’s first gin distillery in over 150 years.


One Square Gin is based on a unique recipe that has been exclusively created by One Square’s team of gin experts, known as the Gin Concierge, working hand-in-hand with Matthew Gammell and Marcus Pickering, founders of Pickering’s Gin at Summerhall Distillery. Demonstrating true passion for their craft, the joint team perfected the recipe to create a small batch London dry gin that contains 15 carefully-considered botanicals including juniper, bog myrtle, pink grapefruit and Scottish heather. Mediterranean liquorice and orris root were added to produce a heady kick, while notes of lemon, lime and anise were combined to create a citrusy, easy-drinking gin. The gin has been distilled by hand and packaged in a stunning square bottle by Pickering’s Gin at Summerhall Distillery, situated just over one mile from One Square.

In celebration of the launch and the city of Edinburgh’s gin heritage, the Sheraton Grand Hotel & Spa has created an exclusive Gin Package (from £230 per night based on two sharing) which showcases the hotspots in Scotland’s gin capital. This special experience features accommodation in a classic bedroom including full Scottish breakfast, a gin amenity on arrival, a guided tour of Summerhall Distillery where the One Square Gin is distilled, and the chance to gain some inside knowledge with a member of the Gin Concierge over a One Square Gin Cocktail in the bar. The Gin Concierge has also created an all-new gin discovery map which highlights some of Edinburgh’s must-visit bars, shops and venues for gin-enthusiasts. For those wishing to continue their gin immersion at home, One Square Gin is also available to purchase by the bottle in the bar (£49.95 for a 70cl bottle, 40% volume).

One Square, which launched three years ago, was one of the original bars in Edinburgh to develop its team with an expert knowledge of gin, ahead of the city’s gin renaissance. The bar offers more than 60 premium varieties of gin and hosts tutored tastings, with its coveted weekend and evening spots in high demand. Tristan Nesbitt, General Manager of the Sheraton Grand Hotel & Spa said: “The One Square Concierge team boasts an exceptional knowledge of gin so the creation of our own One Square Gin seemed the natural next step. We are very excited about introducing this special new gin experience to our regular guests and local customers who share the bar team’s passion for gin.”

The Gin Concierge has captured the essence of One Square Gin with its Perfect Serve (£10.50) which is served over ice in a frozen balloon glass with delicious Fever Tree tonic and garnished with pink grapefruit peel and thyme. The distinctive One Square Gin Cocktail (£9.00) highlights the Scottish heather botanical with the addition of heather syrup which is served with Galliano L’Autentico in an old fashioned glass with a square ice cube and a gold-coated lime leaf.


For more information on One Square Gin please visit this link.

To book the Gin Package please call +44(0) 131 229 9131 or email

The Old Course Hotel & Spa’s recommended local attractions and activities

St Andrews is one of Scotland’s most beautiful towns, successfully blending traditional character with a vibrant mix of outstanding recreational facilities. The town has a burgeoning cultural scene as well as many exciting visitor attractions, excellent shopping and a collection of restaurants and bars serving delicious Scottish cuisine.

The town is located on the East Coast of Scotland, in the Kingdom of Fife, and contains a fascinating history. Take in the heritage of the town with an exclusive guided tour, as you explore the cobbled streets and the nooks and crannies of the University of St Andrews, the most ancient in Scotland and today a thriving centre of excellence made popular by Prince William, who chose to study there. Afterwards visit St Andrews Castle and the Cathedral ruins. There are also many picturesque fishing villages to explore nearby.

There are many family-friendly attractions to explore, including the Sea Life Centre, St Andrews Aquarium, the Botanic Gardens and Craigtoun Country Park, while the surrounding area offers many delights including spotting seals from the sand dunes at Tentsmuir and horse riding at Kilconquhar Castle.

Relax at one of the town’s many coffee houses before you hit the shops. St Andrews is refreshingly free of chain stores, ensuring a unique and rewarding shopping experience, with the town centre offering an excellent range of independent, family-run shops and businesses.

We can’t talk about St Andrews without mentioning golf, since the game has been played here for the past six centuries. St Andrews is home to 11 courses – seven of championship class – including the world’s most famous golf course, the Old Course, as well as the Royal and Ancient, which sets the rules of golf worldwide. The town regularly plays host to major golfing tournaments such as The Open, which is staged every five years in St Andrews, and the Alfred Dunhill Links Championship, which attracts many international celebrities and major golfing names. If you’d prefer a more relaxed round, enjoy a spot of putting in the Himalayas, the famous 18-hole putting green, which ensures an afternoon of fun for adults and children alike.

The Fife coastal path takes in 135 kilometres of stunning coastline; however, you can simply enjoy a gentle stroll along the award-winning West Sands Beach, which is a vast expanse of glittering, white sand.

Fife Visitor Attractions
St Andrews makes the ideal base for sight-seeing and visiting various attractions. Don’t miss some of the most popular attractions just a short drive away.

Secret Bunker
Crail Pottery
East Neuk Coast
Palaces & Castles


Tour & Tastings at Eden Mill
Eden Mill
Main Street,
St Andrews KY16 0UU
+44 1334 834038

Beer – Eden Brewery craft small-batch, award winning beer enjoyed by beer enthusiasts throughout St Andrews, Scotland and, in fact, worldwide

Whisky – As Scotland’s newest distillery, we craft a small number of limited edition single malt whiskies, here at Eden.Mill Brewery and Distillery in St Andrews

Gin – Gin is handcrafted, distilled and bottled in St Andrews, Scotland. We craft small-batch, limited edition gins using botanicals sourced locally to create unique gins


Blown Away Experiences
To book, direct call 07784 121125 or email


Blown Away Land Yachting
Land yachting combines the grace of sailing with the adrenaline buzz of motor racing – imagine yourself sitting a few inches from the ground and racing your friends and family across the sands at top speed. It requires no previous sailing experience and the basic skills can be mastered within an average of 15-20 minutes.


Beach Kayaking
“Sit on top” kayaking at the beach. Built for 2-3 people, these flat bottomed easy to manoeuvre boats are a fun way to surf the waves at the beach.
Kitted out with approprate safety gear, enjoy paddling at the glorious West Sands, St Andrews. Easy to master and great fun for all ages.


Zap Catting
Zap Cats are amazingly light and powerful inflatable catamarans capable of pulling 3g around the turns. With a power to weight ratio of 340bhp per tonne, you have to have your wits about you as you’re not just a passenger on this thing you’re the co-pilot! You’ll be responsible for balancing the boat for the turns on the sea, just like any catamaran, but at high speed – the expert driver pulls 90 and 180 degree turns at speeds of around 40mph. Not one for the faint-hearted!

Seeing as you’ll be ripping it up over the high seas, you’ll be wearing drysuits, lifejackets and helmets as safety is paramount for this high speed adventure as you push the limits in time trials for a zapcat experience that you will never forget.


Stand Up Paddle Boarding
Stand up paddle boarding is one of the newest and fastest growing watersports in the world. St Andrews is an ideal location to discover this fun and exhilarating experience. Originating in the Hawaiian Islands,stand up paddleboards (SUPS) are a favourite with celebrities in California such as Piers Brosnan, Robert Downey Jr and Jennifer Aniston, and is recognised as one of the best sports for working core muscles, upper body and legs.

Using a one-bladed paddle and standing on a specially designed longer and wider surfboard, you will soon master the technique required under the instruction of one of our team to spend this new experience time having great fun in a wonderful part of the Scottish coastline.

For further details on St Andrews, including a full list of attractions, activities and what’s on, please contact the Concierge Team on +44 (0) 1334 474371 or email

Hebridean Princess’ new look is revealed!

Here are the stunning results of Hebridean Princess’ recent interior makeover by John Dick & Son.

The brief was for each of the areas to retain its own individual character whilst complimenting the already prominent style, luxury and quality on board the ship.

Whilst keeping this in mind, it was also important to consider the practical side of the design process. It was paramount to maximise the available space in each area, whilst paying particular attention to delivering the best possible comfort for every guest. This meant that the majority of the furniture is bespoke and manufactured to specific sizes.

Watch the time lapse video of the Tiree Lounge being revealed below.









In the main lounge a truly cosy and welcoming interior has been created that provides many intimate areas for the guests, focusing around the main focal point; the original fireplace.









In the Library there is a more masculine feel, with leather, unique upholstery and dark woods having been used.
The soft tones furnishing the Look Out Lounge flow seamlessly from the colour pallette in the foyer areas creating a relaxing space to take in the stunning views.









Painted, rattan furniture brings a casual feel to the Conservatory. The natural look has been complemented by the beautifully restored teak flooring. A wonderfully calm space to take in the scenery!

For more information on Hebridean Island Cruises please call +44(0) 1756 704704 or email


The Royal Yacht Britannia’s Festival Suppers

The Royal Yacht Britannia is the perfect place to host a special dinner before attending a show at The Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo, The Edinburgh International Festival, or The Edinburgh Festival Fringe.

With exclusive use of The Royal Yacht, guests will find the same high standards today as when Britannia was in Royal service. The evening will start with a red carpet welcome followed by Champagne and canapés in the State Drawing Room. A private highlights tour of Britannia will follow, giving an insight into the history of the Royal Yacht and how the Royal Family and crew lived and worked on board. Supper will be served in the State Dining Room, carefully prepared by Britannia’s Chefs in the Royal Galley. Up to 96 guests can be seated in The State Dining Room, and for smaller groups, The Officers’ Wardroom is the perfect setting.


Britannia’s Festival Suppers are available throughout the month of August. For further information, please do not hesitate to contact the Events team on +44(0)131 555 8800 or